A Guide to Safer & More Courteous Use
This article will show you the proper way to use a leaf blower, as well as the different types of leaf blowers and different jobs that leaf blowers perform. After you read this article, and your instruction manuals, you'll have a greater understanding of how to use a leaf blower more safely and courteously to help protect both yourself and the people around you.
Why do we use leaf blowers?
Since their introduction in the 1970's, leaf blowers have rapidly become an essential time and labor-saving cleanup tool for landscape maintenance professionals and homeowners. Leaf blowers are extremely efficient for cleaning leaves, grass clippings, and debris from driveways, sidewalks, parking lots, sports arenas, parks and construction sites. In these situations, a leaf blower is more time and cost efficient than a rake or a broom. Leaf blowers also perform tasks like cleaning areas covered by mulch or bark more effectively than hand tools. When used properly, there is little disturbance to the surface.
What do leaf blowers do?
You can use a leaf blower to:
- Remove and gather leaves
- Vacuum leaves
- Remove grass clippings
- Dislodge or break up matted grass
- Clean parking lots
- Clean farm and construction equipment
- Clean arenas and amusement parks
- Remove light or fluffy snow
- Dry off pavement
- Clean rain gutters
Types of leaf blowers
There are two main types of leaf blowers: handheld and backpack models. Both types are usually powered by either a 2-stroke or 4-stroke engine. Some handheld blowers also provide a blower-vacuum combination. There are many different models, attachments and performance options available for different applications. Compared to leaf blowers manufactured in the early 1990's, today's leaf blowers are quieter and cleaner. For more technical and performance information, check your operator's manual, ask your outdoor power equipment Dealer or visit a manufacturer's website located at www.opei.org.
How to use a leaf blower
Before you use a leaf blower, read the instruction manual provided by the manufacturer. If you or your employer do not have an instruction manual, you can get one by contacting the manufacturer or your local retailer. Many manufacturers have them available on their websites. You need to know how the leaf blower works and how to use it properly before you start a job. For example, the following are general rules:
- Children should not use a leaf blower.
- Pay attention when using a leaf blower. Don't point an operating blower in the direction of people or pets.
- Make sure bystanders, including other operators, are at least 50 feet away. Stop blowing if you are approached.
- Do not use a leaf blower if you are tired or sick, taking medication, or if you have used drugs or alcohol.
- Do not use a blower indoors or in poorly ventilated areas.
- Inspect the blower before and during use to make sure controls, parts and safety devices are not damaged and are working properly.
- Never modify a blower in a way not authorized by the manufacturer.
- Do not operate while standing on a ladder, rooftop, tree or other unstable surface. Use nozzle attachments to reach high places.
- Work carefully. You need to be safe, courteous and responsible.
- Wear hearing protection when using a leaf blower – either ear plugs or earmuffs.
- Wear goggles that meet eye protection standards.
- Wear non-slip, heavy-duty work gloves.
- Wear sturdy protective clothing. Do not wear anything loose. Tie back long hair. Wear long pants to help protect your legs and long sleeves to help protect your arms.
- Wear sturdy shoes with non-slip soles.
- In dusty conditions, wear a respirator or dust mask as appropriate.
Handle Gas Carefully
- Don't spill when you fill! If you do spill, wipe leaf blower dry before using.
- Use the correct fuel/oil mix. Check the instruction manual.
- Refuel before you start the engine. If refueling during work, turn off the engine and allow it to cool before fueling. Loosen the cap slowly to relieve pressure in the tank. Always retighten the fuel cap securely.
- Never smoke while handling fuel.
- Start the blower at least 10 feet from the fueling spot.
- Store fuel in a well-ventilated area in a properly marked safety container.
- Make sure the spark plug boot is secure to avoid sparks and possible ignition of fuel vapors.
- Follow local rules and ordinances about when to use leaf blowers. Do not use very early in the morning or very late in the day.
- Check wind direction and intensity. Never point the nozzle or blow debris toward people, pets, cars or houses.
- Do not blow debris toward open windows or doors.
- Always be considerate of people passing by and of property.
- Do not leave the blower running when unattended.
- Do not use a blower to spread or mist fertilizers, chemicals or other toxic substances, unless it is designed for these purposes and in an appropriate area.
- Use the lowest possible throttle speed to do the job.
- Use nozzle attachments that help reduce sound. See manufacturer's operator's manual.
- Avoid using more than one blower at a time, especially in neighborhoods or around buildings where sound can be intensified.
- Check the condition of the leaf blower muffler, air intakes and air filter to make sure they're in good operating condition.
- Start with nozzle close to the ground at first – then raise it to a height where it does not generate dust.
- Use the full lower nozzle extensions to control sound and minimize dust.
- Pay attention to what you are moving.
- Practice moving grass clippings or a paper cup without moving dust.
- Wet dusty areas down first before using a blower.
- Never use a leaf blower to move excessively dusty materials.
- A leaf blower should NOT be used to clean up:
- Large amounts of gravel or gravel dust
- Construction dirt
- Plaster dust
- Cement and concrete dust
- Dry garden topsoil
Use a vacuum or power broom with water.
Being more efficient
You can improve your efficiency when using a leaf blower by:
- Reading your instruction manual completely.
- Learning how to control the air velocity at the end of the nozzle to lift leaves without lifting dust.
- Practicing leaf blower nozzle movement and throttle control combinations.
- Practicing up and down and left and right motions starting close to the ground and the debris, but not close enough to lift excessive amounts of dust.
Where blower sound is an issue, purchase sound-reduced blowers from your local lawn care equipment supplier or retailer. Blowers are now available that are as much as 75% quieter than older blowers.
Check the instruction manual for detailed
information about your specific kind of blower. For more information
about leaf blowers and leaf blower manufacturers, see the "Who Makes
That?" section of the Outdoor Power Equipment Institute's website,
www.opei.org. You'll find a listing of all OPEI member companies who
manufacture leaf blowers, as well as links to leaf blower manufacturers'
Leaf Blower History
The grandfather of
today's leaf blower was designed to spread fertilizers and pesticides on
crops and fruit trees. In the late 1960's and early 1970's, landscapers
realized that this blower – without the container for chemicals – could
be used to move leaves and other yard debris. Manufacturers responded
by designing a leaf blower that could be used by homeowners and lawn
care and landscape professionals. Today, manufacturers continue to
research and develop new improvements for further reducing leaf blower
sound and emissions.